Residency Requirements For Canadian Citizenship

Residency Requirements For Canadian Citizenship

If migrating to Canada is something you’ve always wanted to do, you can rest certain that the country has one of the most basic and simplest immigration laws in the world.

Canadian Citizenship Residency Requirements You Need To Know

Every year, the Canadian government plans to welcome nearly 200,000 new immigrants from throughout the world. This makes Canada the best country in the world for newcomers to settle in and obtain permanent resident status. Here are the residency criteria for Canadian citizenship.

Eligibility to apply for permanent resident status in Canada

There are several residency criteria for Canadian citizenship that must be completed when seeking permanent resident status in Canada.

Status as a permanent resident

You must be a permanent resident (PR) in Canada, regardless of your age, to petition for citizenship.

This signifies that you are not permitted to:

  • Be the subject of an immigration or fraud probe
  • You must not be asked to leave Canada by a Canadian authority (removal order)
  • Having unfulfilled prerequisites for your PR status, such as a medical examination
  • Examine the documents you received when you became a permanent resident to make sure you’re eligible before applying for citizenship.

If you meet the residency requirements, you don’t need a valid PR card to apply for citizenship in Canada. Even if your PR card has expired, you can still apply.

How long have you been a Canadian citizen? 

You (and some minors, if applicable) must have spent at least 1,095 days (3 years) physically in Canada during the five years before the day you sign your application.

If the calculation proves challenging, we propose submitting with more than 1,095 days in Canada.

You might be able to factor in some of your time spent in your calculations.

You may work in Canada as a temporary resident or as a protected person outside of Canada if you were a Crown servant or a family member of a Crown servant.

Tax Returns

In the five years leading up to the application deadline, you must have filed taxes in Canada for at least three years.

Requirements For Language Skills

English and French are the two official languages of Canada. If you are 18 to 54 years old on the day you sign your application, you must establish that you can converse and understand at a certain level in one of these languages. By concentrating on your language skills, you can improve your chances of meeting the residency requirements for Canadian citizenship. We assess your English or French language skills in the following ways:

  • Evaluating your language level during a hearing with a citizenship official
  • If necessary, check the proof you send with your application
  • Noting how well you speak when you talk to a citizenship official at any point during the process

You must meet the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or above to become a citizen. This means you can:

  1. Have daily brief conversations about current events.
  2. Be able to understand and follow simple instructions, questions, and directions
  3. Use basic grammatical rules, such as simple forms and tenses.
  4. Show that you understand enough common terms and phrases to answer questions and explain yourself

As verification of your language skills, a variety of certifications, degrees, and examinations are acceptable.

Passing A Citizenship Examination

If you are between the ages of 18 and 54 at the time you sign your application, you must take the citizenship exam. You’ll be quizzed on Canadian rights and responsibilities, as well as the country’s history, geography, economics, laws, and symbols.

The following is the test:

Either in English or in French is OK.
In 30 minutes, you’ll have to answer 20 questions (pass mark: 15 correct answers)
Multiple-choice and true/false questions are included in the official citizenship study guide: Discover Canada is usually done in writing, although it can also be done orally.



If you have committed a crime in or outside of Canada, it may have an impact on your application for citizenship in the following ways.

  • you may not be eligible to become a Canadian citizen for a period of time
  • Time spent serving a term of imprisonment, on parole, or on probation doesn’t count as time you’ve lived in Canada.

Find out about situations that may prevent you from becoming a Canadian citizen:

  • If you’re not sure whether the situations apply to you, contact your lawyer or arresting police officer.
  • Wait until the situation no longer applies before you apply for citizenship.
  • Your application will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis.

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